Health improvement in a regionalised framework

According to the most recent findings of the World Health Organization, heart disease, tumors, respiratory illnesses and diabetes are responsible for the majority of deaths, illness and health care costs in the world. In Italy and in the rest of Europe, this group of chronic illnesses, which share several risk factors linked to unhealthy lifestyles (smoking, alcohol abuse, improper nutrition, excess weight and/or obesity, little physical activity) is responsible for 86% of deaths, 77% of the healthy years lost and 75% of health care costs.

This phenomenon is not associated with wealth: in fact, such diseases more frequently strike the most disadvantaged classes of society. A common element in these risk factors is that they mostly relate to individual behaviors, although they are strongly influenced by the social, economic and environmental context in which one lives and works.

The report "Stewardship and governance in decentralised health systems: an Italian case study" discusses the challenges. Download the full report here.